An introduction to the Rig Veda….By Reader

I am attempting a synoptic, objective introduction to the Rig Veda Samhita, mainly for those who have never had the opportunity to read it in any form before.
There are 10,552 mantras of 1028 hymns in 10 constellatory books. I shall quote the first mantra of each hymn to give you a feel of its contents and also provide a synoptic account of the rest.
I leave the evaluation to your good judgment.
The translations and interpretations are entirely my own.
I hope it is useful.
All my love,

Reader

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An Objective Introduction to the Rig Veda Samhita – I

Constellatory I

Hymn 1

Agnim ile purohitam yajnasya devam rutvijam |

Hotaram ratnadhatamam || 1.1.1 ||

… … … Agni conducts this austerity, Agni is the endeavor, Agni is the rightful deity |
… … … Agni is the priest who endows happiness || 1.1.1 ||

There are nine mantras in this hymn. They are dedicated to Agni. The word Agni is derived from Ang which means strong and luminous. The mantras in this hymn invoke the characteristics of Agni in the nature of a fire, vigor, light, ardor, truth and as father of a joyful conscious state.

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Hymn 2

Vaayo aayaahi darshateme soma arankrita |

Teshaam paahi Shrudhi havam || 1.2.1 ||

… … … Energize the life’s breath and delight in bliss |
… … … May all the divine faculties hear its call || 1.2.1 ||

There are nine mantras in this hymn. They are dedicated to Vaayu, Indra-Vaayu and Mitra-Varuna in 3 mantras each. I’ll define the names as they occur.

The first 3 mantras in this hymn kindle different energies that are educed by Vaayu. Vaayu is the vital-energy that causes breathing. Following is a synoptic:

This body is a host to several divine qualities. Breath is one of their prime movers. Righteous speech actuates and nourishes potent divinities enhancing the state of blissfulness.

The next 3 mantras in this hymn are for Indra-Vaayu. Indra is the command over the intellect, or in a more physiological context, the body that governs the mind. Following is a synoptic:

The state of blissfulness permeates the body and the breath with delight. The combined strengths of the Indra-Vaayu generate consciousness that invigorates the vasus (the elements). The intellect is perfected in such a divine state.

Note: Dhi, Dhiya, Dhiyo are thought or intellect as in the ability to discriminate. Similar term appears in the famous Gayatri mantra.

The last 3 mantras in this hymn are for Mitra-Varuna. Mitra is simply the “Friend” in an ideal sense – the perfect assistance and support. Varuna is the residing spirit in all infinities like space and water, air. Following is a synoptic:

Infinite indulgence when assisted by conscientious diligence yields an efficient intellect. Truth increases manifold with each revelation and fills the entirety with its motive power. The unity of Mitra-Varuna revels in the heart and appears in discerned actions.

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Hymn 3

Ashwina yajvari isho dravatpani shubhaspati |

Purubhuja chanasyatam || 1.3.1 ||

… … … Draw the divine energies to propitiate the endeavor |

… … … May the abundant effects rejoice || 1.3.1 ||

There are 12 mantras in this hymn. They are dedicated to Ashvins, Indra, Visvedevah and Saraswati in 3 mantras each. I’ll define the names as they occur.

The first 3 mantras in this hymn energize and focus the divine forces towards propitiating the endeavor, the yadnya. These driving forces are called Ashvins – ashva is synonymous with a steed. In an esoteric sense they map the words into thoughts. Following is a synoptic:

Inspire and channelize the providential forces for this endeavor. A brave human intellect when activated does many divine feats. May youthful vigor and strong conduct drive this endeavor.

The next 3 mantras in this hymn purify the domain in which thoughts perform. This is the perceptual aspect of Indra. The virtues of perception are invoked to protect the effort, the yadnya, from impurities such as attachments, ill-will and deceptions. Following is a synoptic:

Converge the senses in this picturesque blissfulness where they are engaged by subtle purity. Perceive the mantra devised in conscious thought. May this knowledge enlighten the mind and beget righteous happiness.

The next 3 mantras in this hymn summon all the divine faculties of the mind. They are called the Visvedevah. These myriad functions are intrinsically benevolent, pure and just. Following is a synoptic:

Nurture the doers’ efforts with apportioned bliss. Nurse their streams of propulsion. May knowledge move freely, asserted and non-betrayed.

The last 3 mantras in this hymn awaken righteousness and an allegiance to the supremacy of truth. The divinity of pure knowledge is called Saraswati. Following is a synoptic:

Endeavor to increase proficiency through purity of knowledge and thought. Let consciousness awaken to propitious truths and discernment. May the intellect be enlightened with knowledge and inspiration.

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Hymn 4

Suroopa kritnum utaye sudughaam iva goduhe |

Juhuumasi dyavidyavi || 1.4.1 ||

… … … Sustain this beauteous form, nourish it with enate care |

… … … Craft it every day || 1.4.1 ||

There are 10 mantras in this hymn. They are dedicated to Indra. Indra is the divinity that nurses and protects the capability of the human body for intelligence and spirituality. Following is a synoptic:

Quench this thirst for knowledge and enlightenment to attain delight in bliss. Learn within the abilities of cognition to keep the harmony of the soul and thoughts. Oppugn perceptions to advance with a clear vision. Seek repose in the actions of the will to overcome restraints. May these sacred powers defeat malefic influences to achieve peace and joy. Progress in this effort with the joy of existence firmly established. Protect this wealth from demonic aggressions. Enrich this possession a hundredfold. May the divine allies protect this astronomical support.

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To be continued…

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79 Responses to “An introduction to the Rig Veda….By Reader”

  1. Sharmila,

    Thank you Sharmila.

    This is the most difficult of all the scriptures. It is the first and the longest one comprising 10 volumes and 10,552 mantras.

    One important thing for all readers to note: There are no Gods. This is the first time that the words Brahma, Indra, Agni, Saraswati, Varuna etc are used. There are 33 of them in all. The words have meanings. They are adjectives in most cases except when they are personified or used in metaphors to describe a process.

    These adjectives were later used to name children and thats how they came to acquire human forms.

    The concepts are so simple and universal going by today’s times.

    • Were the Vedas texts aimed at teaching how to conduct lives? It does seem to be used in different contexts today though?

      • Sharmila,

        The Rig Veda does not have any instructions or advisories on how to conduct lives. Those appear in Upanishads and Brahmanas and in some portions of the two Yajur Vedas.

        The Rig simply narrates the metaphysical aspects of existence in the nature of concepts.

        I’ll give you a contemporary example:

        During the engineering studies, we had no text books per se. Every subject had to be studied from various reference books. Like, static mechanics was studied from Timoshinkov, Khurmi, Ramanathan etc.

        Initially I would mark, underline paragraphs from each book or chapter as I read them. Then, one day, mother taught me an easier way to compile my own text book from the references. I’d write down the necessary stuff from each reference in my note books and refer to these for the exams. My mother was no good at Engineering studies, but she knew how to study.

        Thats what the Rig Veda does. It does not teach us What to study. It only shows is How.

        This is where the translations and interpretations become important if the original language is foreign.

        As I said, the words Braahma, Saraswati etc are used first time in the Rig Veda. They were used as adjectives to describe the qualities of certain phenomena.

        Like, say a “raging” storm. Raging is Rudra. Storm is a storm. How to conduct ourselves with the knowledge of this raging is suggested by scientists or Hrishis who wrote books on architecture and construction, that has been improved many times now.

        Bhrigu describes 24 satellites of the Jupiter and the life on some of them. Vishwamitra creates a universe for the child Trishanku to live on what we call today as the Great Bear of Seven Stars (Saptahrishi). There is a description of an exodus of people from Mars to Earth. People in North China, Mongolia, even today call themselves Mongols, which people from Mangal, Mars in Sanskrit.

        Some of these are impossible to believe till NASA does it all over again to show us the evidence.

      • It appears to be a “guide” to metaphysical elements then. So Brahma the creator is not described the way we know him today? It is the phenomenon as you say. This makes sense to me. Regarding what Bhrigu has described..I am spellbound..

      • Thats true. Brahma is the all pervasive life form in the universe. Not someone with four heads and four beards.

        The four heads and hands are symbols of Dharma, Artha, Karma and Moksha. Those were shown on anyone who had practised and achieved them in their lifetimes.

      • BTW, there is only one instance of five heads shown in an abstraction. Can you name who is the deity?

        PS: Raavan is not five. He has ten virtues. Who is shown with 5?

        Hint: One of the faces is a horse.

  2. Reader,
    Does that mean…that…those who wrote these Vedas …they all were worshipping Nature…metaphorically or personified…
    Mayans and Pagans were Nature worshippers too…
    Do they have any connection anyway…!?

    • MonaLisa,

      Thats right. They were philosophers in the true sense of the word philosophy – which is they studied the ‘relationship’ of the person with the reality of existence.

      Philosophy is an algorithm. It defines the relationship between the metaphysical and perceptual universe. Going a step further it also describes the virtues that a person needs to survive. The virtues in these books may not be all relevant to us today as the conditions have changed. We live in a different type of jungle these days.

      Note: Values are not imposed on the listener in any of the Vedas. Each person has to define them for himself/herself and achieve them.

      This ‘Rig Veda’ is the oldest known human work on philosophy.

      The Mantras, in Sanskrit, have a strange effect on a person when they are recited several times. The Sanskrit words are used and wriiten in meter in such a way that they combine the effects of rational thought and music. Many religious doctrines have come out of this later.

  3. Reader,
    that shows that the basic and bottom line is to maintain The Harmony with Nature…The Universe…we live in..not to become its adversary…at all..
    Why such simple thing was made so lengthy and difficult to understand for most ppl…and later monopolised…!?
    What’s the necessity to personify them to create an entirely separate community of Gods…which is a general idea in ppl’s minds…?? Why Religions are made such a way that ppl got more confused and start thinking way differently than the actual idea..?

    • MonaLisa,

      Thats the complexity.

      Honesty is not a virtue that is easily appreciated. Many people do not like to express gratitude to mortal human beings. Thats when volitional Gods appear on the scene.

      Today, science and technology designed by intelligent people create jobs. Jobs sustain the lives of lesser mortals.

      Governments of people dispose justice and protect the rights of other citizens.

      Mental faculties, the vishwadevas, help a person to learn.

      But people still need Gods who can talk to them and save them the shame of admitting their incompetence in front of other human beings.

      I believe, the Creator, the parmaatma or whatever name we may assign in any language, has better things to do.

  4. Reader,
    I believe ‘God’ saves a trip to Psychiatrist for religious ppl….in other words its a better way…a buffer… found by humans…the philosophers for mankind to survive guilt,shock,losses etc….
    I believe its human mind in its own capacity works in favor with positivity in thought process…others may call it ‘A miracle’ or God’s wish/help…etc
    If creator is The Supreme being….he definitely has something better and important to do…other than listening complaints and confessions…of mortals…

    • MonaLisa,

      Life is beautiful whichever way we look at it.

      My brother who expired last year had a strange habit.

      He was very tall and string, an ex-airforce cadet who ventured into pharmaceuticals later.

      He had two basic needs. Good food and enough time for workouts. Both were scarce in the metro where he was based.

      This lead to severe bouts of anger and even street fights sometimes. He once bashed up a rickshaw driver for merely over taking him from the wrong side in traffic. The poor rickshaw-wallah was hospitalized.

      He finally found an instant remedy to control himself. He would literally take a walk.

      Very often when things were not peaceful in the house, when someone was being nasty or irritatiing, he would walk out and come back after an hour or so.

      He prayed. He prayed like nobodys business. He knew more prayers than I do. He was very religious.

      By the time he came back, he would be back to normal and someone would have been spared a real hard beating!

      People do have ways. I have mine too. So long as it does not impose on others it is good.

  5. 🙂 Reader,
    How many times have you been spared…? 🙂

    Indeed …prayers have its therapeutic effect on mind and body…its own way…!
    Every mind and body is set out differently…hence the needs are different too…and so are the ways to nurture it…or is it just other way around…!?..lol…! 🙂

    • MonaLisa,

      I was not spared. I was his anchor in some ways. We fought, beat each other till one of us would start bleeding or break an arm and the winner would call the family doctor.

      I caught fire once when we were fighting in the kitchen.

      I liked to skim the cream of the milk, mix some sugar and eat it. That was not allowed as mom collected the cream to make ghee. You know, ghee? Collect a bowl full of cream, stir it in water to make butter milk, remove the top lather and heat it gently. Thats ghee.. what do you call it? Clarified butter?

      Now, I loved the cream without all this process. Brother liked it too. But he was too honest to steal anything. He would wait for mom to come back from her school and ask for it. Invariably she refused and he would walk away dejected.

      I would steal it from wherever mom hid it in the cabinets. She would scream and yell after finding out. I would admit I ate it and matters were settled with some minor cribbing.

      That day, brother wanted me to teach me a lesson. He asked me to wait for mom and take her permission.

      “What permission? Go boil your head.”

      And so the fight began. The cooking range was on. My shirt caught fire in the back. Both did not realize it for a moment. Then he saw it first, picked me up, carried me to the bathroom and threw me in the drum of water.

      His hands and arms up to the elbows were scalded for the next 2 months. I won.

      Or did I?

      Mom told father about the incident. That was unusual actually. She never complained to him. But that day she did. Father scolded brother.

      Father: If you want it, why don’t you eat it? What is this permission business?

      Mother: No! I need it for making ghee.

      Father: Okay, leave some for the ghee.

      So the matter was settled.

      But brother never touched the cream again. He lost interest in that altogether. I grew up too. For some reason stealing cream with sugar was not fun anymore after that.

  6. MonaLisa,

    I was thinking of the idea of a scripture being Pagan philosophy.

    I suppose you are right about that. These farmers and forest people have a different idea about nature compared to the taxi drivers in a city.

    Life is like a relay marathon. Some runners are carrying torches, some are carrying batons, some are carrying car keys, some are simply running here and there.

    In my fathers family, I am the last among the sons. My younger sister is married, her name is changed and she follows the customs and duties of her in-laws traditions.

    Both the elder brothers have daughters. So they will eventually marry and carry forward the customs in their in-laws homes or create their own.

    The eldest brothers daughter is in New Jersey, married and settled to the life style there. The second brothers daughters are studying. No one has sons who will bear the family name and beliefs in the future.

    I am single and the last runner in this relay. The race ends with me.

    Legacy is such a pagan way of thinking.

    Does a taxi driver in Mumbai leave a legacy? He leaves some outstanding installments of mortgages and the keys of the taxi for his children…

  7. Reader,
    So…you bully ppl from your very young age…! 🙂
    You must be very plumpy …eating cream everyday…all alone…! So sad though…entire episode had to end like that…
    I wonder why ppl are so much into legacy and all…
    Does a poor has right to own anything..!? including legacy…!!
    I wonder if anyone or any bank offer him any mortgage in first place…
    Probably he drives rented cab all his life…so nothing is left for his family when he is no more…
    Who was first.. paganism or hinduism(vedic era)..?

    • MonaLisa,

      Vedic era is not very agricultural. There is no evidence of cooked food except some that were called medicines in Ayurveda.

      Ordinary Rice and Wheat are not native crops to India. They grow in the wild in the Amazon, Western Africa and Far East. They were brought and planted in India some time later around the Ramayan and Mahabharat.

      Apples, Saffron, Coconuts, Spices, fruits etc are native and grow in the wild here. They don’t need to be cooked for eating.

      Vegetarianism is also quite new. Quite a few of the Vedic Hrishis were cannibals. They ate asuras live if the asuras interferred in their activities.

      I am not sure about paganism. Paganism was prevalent in agricultural economies. Like the Fiddler-on-the-Roof type.

    • MonaLisa,

      About being a bully…

      Three brothers in the house. I was a sissy compared to the elder two. Situation was similar to Seven Brides for Seven Brothers – or AB’s Satte pe Satta.

      We tested each other in the house and fought united outside. Dad would be upset if any one of us lost to outsiders!

      I once whacked an opponent with a hockey stick during a friendly match.

      His mother came screaming to my house. My brothers and father were sitting in the garden. They consoled her patiently till she got fed up and left.

      Afterwards on the dinner table I was taught to be selective about which parts to hit. Hitting the torso or head can be risky. Arms and feet are okay. They can be broken and re-assembled.

      But, as I said, I was the gentlest one among all. Even my younger sister bashed me up once!

      • Reader,
        Unbelievable….! You were the gentle one amongst all and were bashed up by your younger sister…! 🙂
        Btw Guava and papaya are not Indian either….

      • I am a natural Indian. You can’t get a better fruit!

      • Lol…Reader,
        You are a natural fruit of India…and none other is better than you….! 🙂
        Well…! In That case…! Beware…! I am a fruit lover…! 🙂

      • I am a nationalist or more truly I am a universalist – if there is such a word.

        There are some things I have learnt from Vivekananda. Pride in my origins is not a conflict with anyone elses!

        You are as good a fruit of your origins as I am of mine! 🙂

  8. Reader,
    Apple is not native of India either…as far as I know..

    • Apple is a himalayan tree. Grows in the wild without need to plant seeds or anything. If you travel from Raxaul in Bihar to Kathmandu you cross the himalayan mountains. Entire range is full of wild apples. Its about 1200 Kms of wild apple forests.

      • Reader,
        Apple plant was brought to India by an American…who stayed back and married an Indian woman…..He planted it somewhere near Shimla….It travelled to another regions you are talking about…before that Apple wasn’t a fruit for everyone…in India…

      • Cool. Now its there for good. You cannot take it back. 😛

  9. Lol…Reader,
    We are happy ppl…don’t give to take it back…! You enjoy it is enough for us…! 🙂

    • I am surprised that an American came to India before the christian era. But I’ll trust your instincts.

      Hope the Indian woman he married was not a migrant. Or perhaps the first woman was brought to India by an American in the 15th century after the Boston Tea party… It must be recorded as such by US Patents and Copyrights office by now.

      America was always a country of thieves and pirates. The brits wrote that in our history books.

      • Perhaps you mean to say that Max Mueller wrote the Vedas in the 19th century and thats how apples appear in them! I cannot believe that because Buddha quoted the Vedas several years before Jesus Christ was born. Or perhaps Jesus and Buddha are myths and Adam is an American.

        The US Patents Office must have registered that Adam was a Jew born out of God’s stem cell.

      • Reader,
        Apple growers in India’s Western Himalayas still remember Samuel Evans Stokes, the American who brought the fruit to their land a century ago. …
        Samuel Stokes was from Philadelphia…who came to India to serve lapers…later he married an Indian Christian lady named Agnes…sometime later he adapted Hindu Religion and changed his name to Satyananda….they had four children…
        He was the only American joined Congress…worked with Lajpat Rai and Gandhi…He died in India on 14th May 1946 due to prolonged illness.
        Before he introduced Sweet Apples to region of Shimala….sweet Apples were imported from Japan….
        Kullu region Apples were introduced by a Brit but were acidic/sour in test and not liked much by ppl….
        Now do you think …you still have a reason to be so….mean to me…!?

      • MonaLisa,

        Okay peace.

        Apples in Sanskrit/ Hindi/ Urdu are called sabe, safarchand etc. They are part of recipes for cold in the books that are more than 1000 year old.

        But let go. We’ll pledge our allegience to Uncle Sam (uel)

        I was not mean. You said something about Americans being generous in giving and not taking back – that was mean for me!

    • Sometimes you make me say things I don’t mean to…

      • Ohh…! So now you are against everybody in the world…!? Americans,Brits,Italians…..all are crooks…!? They all are mean and looting India…!!!?
        What about Indians…!? Most generous ppl on face of earth….!!!????? C’mon…! That sounds very racial…!
        And Yes…! It was his generosity to introduce and teach others to crop up sweet Apples…! Did he take it back with him…!? Entire Himachal Region is flourishing because of farming of those Apples….! He could have kept it to himself…no teaching and allowing others to benefit by that…
        For God’s sake …try to give some due credits to others…for a change…!!!

      • Why should I be against or in favor of people?

        The Brits, H. G. Wells, Shaw, Kipling, Hemingway, Kipling etc called Americans thieves in my history books. I was given 100% marks in the mission school for saying that. So, don’t blame me for that. I am not wasting my brains to find out if they were right or wrong.

        You are asking a question and answering it yourself in my name! Let me do the answering.

        What about Indians?

        What about them? There are 1.2 billion of them. May be some are generous, some are not. When did I call Indians people of one culture?

        Okay, so Uncle Sam made sweet Apples in a place that he colonized.

        We also have genetically modified grass that is used on several acres of Golf Courses in the cities; a type of grass that is not eaten by grazing animals. It has a US Patent. That does not make a US scientist the ‘originator’ of grass in India.

        So, what credit do you mean? For scientific innovations? Sure, why not? Though, the entire industrial revolution and all the technological revolutions in the last hundred years have occurred in Europe.

        Americans are merchants and traders of technology. Whats wrong about saying that?

        It is the only military superpower on this planet on paper. It has the best political constitution in the world which I have said earlier. It is run by Jews in Israel and the White House. What is racist about that? Facts are facts.

        Same is true about corruption in India, fundamentalism in ME and ethnic cleansing in Kosovo. Americans are no different – they have their own zionist methods.

        Note: I don’t compare United Queendom to US. US is far better in every sense.

        But no harm in calling a spade a spade.

        I don’t mock Indians to show Americans in good light or vice versa. That is what sounded unfair when you first remarked about American generosity.

        Okay… now.. its a new day… yesterday is bygone… we are not changing the world here.. smile please… I am taking your snap using my remote web cam!!!! 🙂

  10. Yep…i am expert in bringing out the hidden talents (good or bad) in others….! 🙂

    • BTW, I eat clarified butter in all my meals every day – with rice, chapati and vegetables everything… also, all fried items and garnishing is done in pure ghee… and I never gain nor lose weight because of food.

      I think obesity or fat accumulation must be a genetic attitude of the body.

      My weigth is constant at 72 kg for the last 10 years! And no absurd features like a flabby stomach or fat arms!

      Body-Mass index is constant at 27.

      • Not only genetic…endocrines play its role too…if your metabolism remains same…less chances of fat accumulation…so one do not turn obese…which is very rare for a healthy person….malnutrition is a separate issue…

      • My ex-wife was so fat, my hands could never meet behind her back!

        She was like a cube – as long as wide and thick. Same size in all directions.

      • Have you sent me your next post?

      • Where is Aish???

      • Sharmila,

        I don’t know. Seems like her new year resolution.

        She is probably angry with me again. I am stupid. I have said that many times. I don’t know why she wants me to repeat that every day.

      • Nobody is stupid on this blog,,,!! There are more smart people here than the ones in Citi..

      • A person who cannot forgive my errors cannot gain from my strengths…

      • Aishwarya Says:

        Sharmila,

        Spending less time on the net than usual is a new year resolution, and believe me…not an easy one…especially with a blog as tempting as yours! 🙂

        Hope you are well and all’s fine at home.

        Tc,

        Aish.

        P.S. For any newcomer who happens to read this string – I am Aishwarya, one of Sharmila’s EF. I am not the ex-wife!!!

        🙂

        Cheers and a Happy New Year.

      • Ha ha..welcome back !

      • Aishwarya Says:

        Sharmila,

        Thank you.

        Actually, there is one stupid person on this blog – ME!

        I’ll tell you how. I am possibly the only person who began blogging with no purpose or agenda. I have no writing skills to boast of. I do not own a blog. I am not into networking. I dont have an FB account. I am not on Twitter. I am not a member of any AB fan clubs or groups. I dont have any secret hopes to meet AB. I havent met any EFs or been a part of any meets or wished to be (until you made a suggestion, that is).

        And the weirdest part is I dont want to change! So what does that make me? Stupid!

        But thanks for putting up with me. You dont know how much it means to me.

        Thank you.

      • I am sorry Aish, but doing all those things you mention is not a pre requisite for a great person..Being YOU is more than enough..:)

      • Aishwarya Says:

        And on that pleasant note, let me begin my Sunday…:)

  11. plumpy is good too…! you have jaya & maya….etc etc… 🙂

  12. What errors….. what strengths ….what gains…!? 🙂

    • That was not for you. Its called time-value of words. That was in continuation to Sharmila about Aish. She seems to get annoyed with my erratic behavior. Which is fair.

      But I don’t know how to keep saying sorry and at the same time think positively. I am not wired that way. Hope she understands it if that is the case.

      And hope I am not the cause of her absence from the blog.

  13. Hmmm….send me a million $$ chq….will forgive ya…for whatever…! 🙂 🙂 🙂

  14. No kidding…! R U serious…!? Nope…I am not aware of that…!
    That’s ridiculous….if its true…!

    • It is true. They stole the money from a Jain-Marwari (An Indian Jew) Mr. Agarwal’s account in Gurgaon, New Delhi. The chap is well connected. He has filed a criminal suit against the top management of the bank. Everyone is in a soup!

      • How much stolen from him..? Total how many accounts did they steal from..?

      • INvestigations have just begun. The 300 million are just from his one account.

      • All Indian executives are involved in that…Citi Bank Scam…!
        India is a country of scams/ers…! Honesty and Ethics are just some words in a Dictionary…

      • I doubt Pandit is..

      • There are 1,200,000,000 Indians on this planet. Out of them 1,199,999,999 may or may not be corrupt. I am not.

      • Shudder,,,shudder.. 🙂

      • BTW, theres nothing American about Citi anymore except that it is registered in the US. It was bailed out by the royal family from the Sovereign Funds of Abu Dhabi in the ME.

        A large % of the US Fed treasury is owned by Sheikhs in the ME, of these 6-7% is with Saudia, the Bin Laden family being one of them. China ofcourse owns the largest chunk among foreigners.

        Obama’s economic bail-out is not happening internally.


  15. Ashvathama bali vyaasa, hanumana cha vibhishana |
    Kripa parashuraama cha saptay teh chiranjivina ||

    These are the seven types of chracteristics that continue to prevail in this era (yuga):

    Ashvathama is the one who killed all the sons and families of the five pandavas after the Mahabharat, for vengence.

    Bali is the sacrifice of the good in the name of God.

    Vyaasa is the narrator of historical accounts.

    Hanuman is the devotee.

    Vibhishan is the turn-coat politician.

    Kripa is the teacher of the Kauravas in the Mahabharat.

    Parshurama slaughters evil races and establishes new ones.

  16. Sharmila,

    Sending the next dispatch immediately after lunch.

    Re-drafting the endlines…!!!

  17. Sharmila,

    Sending the next dispatch immediately after lunch.

    Re-drafting the endlines…!!!

    (Same entry went for moderation as I mistyped the email id.)

  18. Sharmila,

    Post II dispatched. Please check the mail.

  19. Sharmila,

    Please use only the last mail attachment. I have added one more narrative and also edited the order.

    Please ignore the previous two mails.

    Thanks in advance.

  20. Where are you?

  21. Sharmila,

    Hope you have reached the shores of HK. If you are going fishing see if you can find my gold-fish… 🙂

  22. Sharmila,

    Please see mail before you post. Please please please.

  23. Sharmila,

    Seems like you are busy.

    I am facilitating workshops next two days. Shall log-in after 0800 pm which is around midnight in HK.

    Have a nice day! Cheerio! 🙂

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